Nymph: The juvenile, underwater stages of mayflies, stoneflies, dragonflies, and damselflies and other aquatic insects whose juvenile stages are covered by hard exoskeletons. The word can also refer to the fishing flies which imitate these creatures, in which case it is used as a blanket term for flies imitating any underwater stage of an invertebrate (except for crayfish and leeches).
Tarsal claws: The claws at the tip of the tarsus, on an insect's "foot."
Caucci, Al and Nastasi, Bob. 2004. Hatches II. The Lyons Press.