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Small Western Green Drakes

Like most common names, "Small Western Green Drake" can refer to more than one taxon. They're previewed below, along with 8 specimens. For more detail click through to the scientific names.

Mayfly Species Drunella coloradensis

These are often called Small Western Green Drakes.
This species is very similar to Drunella flavilinea. In areas where their ranges overlap, they can sometimes be found in the same streams. Allen and Edmunds (1962) say that Drunella coloradensis tends to favor colder water than Drunella flavilinea and that it may emerge as much as a month later.
Drunella coloradensis (Small Western Green Drake) Mayfly NymphDrunella coloradensis (Small Western Green Drake) Mayfly Nymph View 11 PicturesThis one nicely illustrates the variation in coloration within an single Ephemerellid species in a single stream, when compared to its lighter, banded counterpart.
Collected July 25, 2019 from in
Added to Troutnut.com by on July 26, 2019
Male Drunella coloradensis (Small Western Green Drake) Mayfly DunMale Drunella coloradensis (Small Western Green Drake) Mayfly Dun View 8 PicturesThe positive species ID on this dun comes from both the spinner that it (or possibly one other dun just like it) molted into and the overwhelming abundance of nymphs of this species in my kicknet samples from the same site.
Collected July 28, 2019 from in
Added to Troutnut.com by on July 30, 2019
Male Drunella coloradensis (Small Western Green Drake) Mayfly SpinnerMale Drunella coloradensis (Small Western Green Drake) Mayfly Spinner View 9 PicturesThis spinner molted from this dun, or possibly one other dun I had in the same container that looked just like it.
Collected July 28, 2019 from in
Added to Troutnut.com by on July 30, 2019

Mayfly Species Drunella flavilinea

These are often called Small Western Green Drakes.
The Flavs pick up about a week after the closely related but larger Western Green Drakes (Drunella grandis and Drunella doddsii) finish hatching on most Western waters.

Their hatches may be complemented by simultaneous hatches of two less prolific species, Drunella coloradensis and Drunella spinifera.
Drunella flavilinea (Flav) Mayfly NymphDrunella flavilinea (Flav) Mayfly Nymph View 6 PicturesAlthough the identification is not certain because the nymph is not yet mature, the configuration of tubercles (
A few (not all) of the abdominal tubercles on this Ephemerella needhami nymph are circled.  They are especially large in this species.
A few (not all) of the abdominal tubercles on this Ephemerella needhami nymph are circled. They are especially large in this species.
Tubercle: Various peculiar little bumps or projections on an insect. Their character is important for the identification of many kinds of insects, such as the nymphs of Ephemerellidae mayflies.
)
on this one--particularly the forefemora--seems to best match Drunella flavilinea.
Collected July 2, 2019 from in
Added to Troutnut.com by on July 18, 2019
Drunella flavilinea (Flav) Mayfly DunDrunella flavilinea (Flav) Mayfly Dun View 1 Pictures
Collected July 31, 2010 from in
Added to Troutnut.com by on June 29, 2011

Mayfly Species Drunella spinifera

These are very rarely called Small Western Green Drakes.
This taxon prefers cold water and does not flourish where water temperatures exceed 60 degrees. As with the slightly larger Drunella coloradensis, this species prefers cold tailwaters, high elevation headwaters and spring creeks.
Male Drunella spinifera (Western Slate Olive Dun) Western Slate Olive Dun NymphMale Drunella spinifera (Western Slate Olive Dun) Mayfly Nymph View 8 PicturesIn a bucket full of Drunella coloradensis nymphs, this was the only specimen of Drunella spinifera (and the first one I've found anywhere).
Collected July 28, 2019 from in
Added to Troutnut.com by on July 30, 2019
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